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Auditory Emotion Word Primes Influence Emotional Face Categorization in Children and Adults, but Not Vice Versa

Vesker, Michael ; Bahn, Daniela ; Kauschke, Christina ; Tschense, Monika ; Dege, Franziska ; Schwarzer, Gudrun


Originalveröffentlichung: (2018) Frontiers in Psychology 9(618) doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00618
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-146469
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2019/14646/

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Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): emotion processing , cross-modal integration , priming effects , emotion words , emotional facial expressions
Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Institut: Department of Developmental Psychology
Fachgebiet: Psychologie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Psychologie
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2018
Publikationsdatum: 22.05.2019
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: In order to assess how the perception of audible speech and facial expressions influence one another for the perception of emotions, and how this influence might change over the course of development, we conducted two cross-modal priming experiments with 3 age groups of children (6-, 9-, and 12-years old), as well as college-aged adults. In experiment 1, 74 children and 24 adult participants were tasked with categorizing photographs of emotional faces as positive or negative as quickly as possible after being primed with emotion words presented via audio in valence-congruent and valence-incongruent trials. In experiment 2, 67 children and 24 adult participants carried out a similar categorization task, but with faces acting as visual primes, and emotion words acting as auditory targets. The results of experiment 1 showed that participants made more errors when categorizing positive faces primed by negative words versus positive words, and that six-year-old children are particularly sensitive to positive word primes, giving faster correct responses regardless of target valence. Meanwhile, the results of experiment 2 did not show any congruency effects for priming by facial expressions. Thus, audible emotion words seem to exert an influence on the emotional categorization of faces, while faces do not seem to influence the categorization of emotion words in a significant way.
Lizenz: Lizenz-Logo  Creative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0