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A Bayesian Model of the Memory Colour Effect

Witzel, Christoph ; Olkkonen, Maria ; Gegenfurtner, Karl R.


Originalveröffentlichung: (2018) i-Perception 9(3) doi: 10.1177/2041669518771715
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-145932
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2019/14593/

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Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): bayesian model , cognitive penetration , colour vision , memory , object recognition
Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Institut: Universität Gießen, Allgemeine Psychologie
Fachgebiet: Psychologie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Psychologie
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2018
Publikationsdatum: 20.05.2019
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: According to the memory colour effect, the colour of a colour-diagnostic object is not perceived independently of the object itself. Instead, it has been shown through an achromatic adjustment method that colour-diagnostic objects still appear slightly in their typical colour, even when they are colourimetrically grey. Bayesian models provide a promising approach to capture the effect of prior knowledge on colour perception and to link these effects to more general effects of cue integration. Here, we model memory colour effects using prior knowledge about typical colours as priors for the grey adjustments in a Bayesian model. This simple model does not involve any fitting of free parameters. The Bayesian model roughly captured the magnitude of the measured memory colour effect for photographs of objects. To some extent, the model predicted observed differences in memory colour effects across objects. The model could not account for the differences in memory colour effects across different levels of realism in the object images. The Bayesian model provides a particularly simple account of memory colour effects, capturing some of the multiple sources of variation of these effects.
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