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Dietary intake and main food sources of vitamin D as a function of age, sex, vitamin D status, body composition and income in an elderly German cohort

Jungert, Alexandra ; Spinneker, Andre ; Nagel, Anja ; Neuhäuser-Berthold, Monika


Originalveröffentlichung: (2014) Food & Nutrition Research 58:23632 doi:10.3402/fnr.v58.23632
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-115229
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2015/11522/

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Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): 25-hydroxyvitamin D , diet , food sources , fish consumption , body composition
Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Institut: Institute of Nutritional Science
Fachgebiet: Haushalts- und Ernährungswissenschaften - Ökotrophologie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Haushaltswissenschaften
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2014
Publikationsdatum: 29.06.2015
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Background : Elderly subjects are at risk of insufficient vitamin D status mainly because of diminished capacity for cutaneous vitamin D synthesis. In cases of insufficient endogenous production, vitamin D status depends on vitamin D intake.
Objective : The purpose of this study is to identify the main food sources of vitamin D in elderly subjects and to analyse whether contributing food sources differ by sex, age, vitamin D status, body mass index (BMI), or household income. In addition, we analysed the factors that influence dietary vitamin D intake in the elderly.
Design and subjects : This is a cross-sectional study in 235 independently living German elderly aged 66–96 years (BMI=27±4 kg/m2). Vitamin D intake was assessed by a 3-day estimated dietary record.
Results : The main sources of dietary vitamin D were fish/fish products followed by eggs, fats/oils, bread/bakery products, and milk/dairy products. Differences in contributing food groups by sex, age, vitamin D status, and BMI were not found. Fish contributed more to vitamin D intake in subjects with a household income of less than 1,500 €/month compared to subjects with higher income. In multiple regression analysis, fat intake and frequency of fish consumption were positive determinants of dietary vitamin D intake, whereas household income and percentage total body fat negatively affected vitamin D intake. Other parameters, including age, sex, physical activity, smoking, intake of energy, milk, eggs and alcohol, showed no significant association with vitamin D intake.
Conclusion : Low habitual dietary vitamin D intake does not affect vitamin D status in summer, and fish is the major contributor to vitamin D intake independent of sex, age, vitamin D status, BMI, and the income of subjects.
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