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ABCB4 is frequently epigenetically silenced in human cancers and inhibits tumor growth

Kiehl, Steffen ; Herkt, Stefanie C. ; Richter, Antje M. ; Fuhrmann, Liesa ; El-Nikhely, Nefertiti ; Seeger, Werner ; Savai, Rajkumar ; Dammann, Reinhard H.


Originalveröffentlichung: (2014) Scientific Reports 4:6899 doi:10.1038/srep06899 http://www.nature.com/srep/2014/141104/srep06899/abs/srep06899.html#supplementary-information
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-113079
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2015/11307/

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Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): cancer genetics , epigenetics
Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Institut: Institute for Genetics
Fachgebiet: Medizin
DDC-Sachgruppe: Medizin
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2014
Publikationsdatum: 11.02.2015
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Epigenetic silencing through promoter hypermethylation is an important hallmark for the inactivation of tumor-related genes in carcinogenesis. Here we identified the ATP-binding cassette sub-family B member 4 (ABCB4) as a novel epigenetically silenced target gene. We investigated the epigenetic regulation of ABCB4 in 26 human lung, breast, skin, liver, head and neck cancer cells lines and in primary cancers by methylation and expression analysis. Hypermethylation of the ABCB4 CpG island promoter occurred in 16 out of 26 (62%) human cancer cell lines. Aberrant methylation of ABCB4 was also revealed in 39% of primary lung cancer and in 20% of head and neck cancer tissues. In 37% of primary lung cancer samples, ABCB4 expression was absent. For breast cancer a significant hypermethylation occurred in tumor tissues (41%) compared to matching normal samples (0%, p = 0.002). Silencing of ABCB4 was reversed by 5-aza-2´-deoxycytidine and zebularine treatments leading to its reexpression in cancer cells. Overexpression of ABCB4 significantly suppressed colony formation and proliferation of lung cancer cells. Hypermethylation of Abcb4 occurred also in murine cancer, but was not found in normal tissues. Our findings suggest that ABCB4 is a frequently silenced gene in different cancers and it may act tumor suppressivly in lung cancer.
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