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Selection strategies for the development of maize introgression populations

Herzog, Eva ; Falke, Karen Christin ; Presterl, Thomas ; Scheuermann, Daniela ; Ouzunova, Milena ; Frisch, Matthias


Originalveröffentlichung: (2014) PLoS ONE 9(3):e92429 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0092429
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-111558
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2014/11155/

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Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Institut: Institut für Pflanzenbau und Pflanzenzüchtung II
Fachgebiet: Agrarwissenschaften und Umweltmanagement
DDC-Sachgruppe: Landwirtschaft
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2014
Publikationsdatum: 28.10.2014
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Introgression libraries are valuable resources for QTL detection and breeding, but their development is costly and time-consuming. Selection strategies for the development of introgression populations with a limited number of individuals and high-throughput (HT) marker assays are required. The objectives of our simulation study were to design and compare selection strategies for the development of maize introgression populations of 100 lines with population sizes of 360–720 individuals per generation for different DH and S2 crossing schemes. Pre-selection for complete donor chromosomes or donor chromosome halves reduced the number of simultaneous backcross programs. The investigated crossing and selection schemes differed considerably with respect to their suitability to create introgression populations with clearly separated, evenly distributed target donor chromosome segments. DH crossing schemes were superior to S2 crossing schemes, mainly due to complete homozygosity, which greatly reduced the total number of disjunct genome segments in the introgression populations. The S2 crossing schemes were more flexible with respect to selection and provided economic alternatives to DH crossing schemes. For the DH crossing schemes, increasing population sizes gradually over backcross generations was advantageous as it reduced the total number of required HT assays compared to constant population sizes. For the S2 crossing schemes, large population sizes in the final backcross generation facilitated selection for the target segments in the final backcross generation and reduced fixation of large donor chromosome segments. The suggested crossing and selection schemes can help to make the genetic diversity of exotic germplasm available for enhancing the genetic variation of narrow-based breeding populations of crops.
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