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TALE-PvuII fusion proteins : Novel tools for gene targeting

Yanik, Mert ; Alzubi, Jamal ; Lahaye, Thomas ; Cathomen, Toni ; Pingoud, Alfred ; Wende, Wolfgang


Originalveröffentlichung: (2013) PLoS ONE 8(12):e82539 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082539
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-105314
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2014/10531/

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Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Fachgebiet: Biochemie (FB 08)
DDC-Sachgruppe: Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2013
Publikationsdatum: 03.01.2014
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) consist of zinc fingers as DNA-binding module and the non-specific DNA-cleavage domain of the restriction endonuclease FokI as DNA-cleavage module. This architecture is also used by TALE nucleases (TALENs), in which the DNA-binding modules of the ZFNs have been replaced by DNA-binding domains based on transcription activator like effector (TALE) proteins. Both TALENs and ZFNs are programmable nucleases which rely on the dimerization of FokI to induce double-strand DNA cleavage at the target site after recognition of the target DNA by the respective DNA-binding module. TALENs seem to have an advantage over ZFNs, as the assembly of TALE proteins is easier than that of ZFNs. Here, we present evidence that variant TALENs can be produced by replacing the catalytic domain of FokI with the restriction endonuclease PvuII. These fusion proteins recognize only the composite recognition site consisting of the target site of the TALE protein and the PvuII recognition sequence (addressed site), but not isolated TALE or PvuII recognition sites (unaddressed sites), even at high excess of protein over DNA and long incubation times. In vitro, their preference for an addressed over an unaddressed site is > 34,000-fold. Moreover, TALE-PvuII fusion proteins are active in cellula with minimal cytotoxicity.
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