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Cyclin-dependent kinase 6 phosphorylates NF-kappaB P65 at serine 536 and contributes to the regulation of inflammatory gene expression

Buss, Holger ; Handschick, Katja ; Jurrmann, Nadine ; Pekkonen, Pirita ; Beuerlein, Knut ; Müller, Helmut ; Wait, Robin ; Saklatvala, Jeremy ; Ojala, Päivi M. ; Schmitz, M. Lienhard ; Naumann, Michael ; Kracht, Michael


Originalveröffentlichung: (2012) PLoS ONE 7(12):e51847; doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051847
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-92322
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2013/9232/

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Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Fachgebiet: Medizin fachübergreifend
DDC-Sachgruppe: Medizin
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2012
Publikationsdatum: 04.03.2013
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappaB) activates multiple genes with overlapping roles in cell proliferation, inflammation and cancer. Using an unbiased approach we identified human CDK6 as a novel kinase phosphorylating NF-kappaB p65 at serine 536. Purified and reconstituted CDK6/cyclin complexes phosphorylated p65 in vitro and in transfected cells. The physiological role of CDK6 for basal as well as cytokine-induced p65 phosphorylation or NF-?B activation was revealed upon RNAi-mediated suppression of CDK6. Inhibition of CDK6 catalytic activity by PD332991 suppressed activation of NF-?B and TNF-induced gene expression. In complex with a constitutively active viral cyclin CDK6 stimulated NF-?B p65-mediated transcription in a target gene specific manner and this effect was partially dependent on its ability to phosphorylate p65 at serine 536. Tumor formation in thymi and spleens of v-cyclin transgenic mice correlated with increased levels of p65 Ser536 phosphorylation, increased expression of CDK6 and upregulaton of the NF-?B target cyclin D3. These results suggest that aberrant CDK6 expression or activation that is frequently observed in human tumors can contribute through NF-?B to chronic inflammation and neoplasia.
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