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ToF-SIMS analysis of osteoblast-like cells and their mineralized extracellular matrix on strontium enriched bone cements

Kokesch-Himmelreich, Julia ; Schumacher, Matthias ; Rohnke, Marcus ; Gelinsky, Michael ; Janek, Jurgen

Originalveröffentlichung: (2013) Biointerphases 8(1):17 doi:10.1186/1559-4106-8-17
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-100520

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Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): strontium doped bone cements , osteoblast-like cells , mineralized extracellular matrix , ToF-SIMS , Strontium uptake in cells , Strontium incorporati
Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Fachgebiet: Biochemie (FB 08)
DDC-Sachgruppe: Physik
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2013
Publikationsdatum: 20.08.2013
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Commonly used implants for therapeutic approaches of non-systemically impaired bone do not sufficiently support the healing process of osteoporotic bone. Since strontium (II) has been proven as an effective anti-osteoporotic drug new types of strontium enriched calcium phosphate bone cements were developed. As osteoporosis is characterized by an imbalance of osteoblast and osteoclast activity the influence of this newly generated strontium enriched biomaterials on the cellular behavior of osteoblast-like cells was investigated by time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). ToF-SIMS is used to analyze whether strontium is incorporated in the mineralized extracellular matrix (mECM) and whether there is strontium uptake by osteogenically differentiated human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Therefore hMSCs were cultured in osteogenic differentiation medium for 21days on two different strontium enriched bone cements (S100 and A10) and for reference also on the pure calcium phosphate cement (CPC) and on a silicon wafer. The distribution of strontium in the osteoblast-like cells and within their mineralized extracellular matrix was analyzed. A higher intensity of the strontium signal could be detected in the region of the mECM, synthesized by cells cultivated on the Sr- substituted bone cement (S100) in comparison to the reference groups. The osteoblast-like cells used the released strontium from the biomaterial to synthesize their mECM. Apart from that a uniform strontium distribution was measured within all investigated cells. However, different amounts of strontium were found in cells cultured on different biomaterials and substrates. Compared to the negative controls the strontium content in the cells on the strontium enriched biomaterials was much higher. A higher concentration of strontium inside the cells means that more strontium can take part in signaling pathways. As strontium is known for its beneficial effects on osteoblasts by promoting osteoblastic cell replication and differentiation, and reducing apoptosis, the newly developed strontium enriched calcium phosphate cements are promising implant materials for osteoporotic bone.
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