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Artificial and natural sialic acid precursors influence the angiogenic capacity of human umbilical vein endothelial cells

Bayer, Nils ; Schubert, Uwe ; Sentürk, Zehra ; Rudloff, Silvia ; Frank, Sandra ; Hausmann, Heike ; Geyer, Hildegard ; Geyer, Rudolf ; Preissner, Klaus ; Galuska, Sebastian


Originalveröffentlichung: (2013) Molecules 18(3):2571-2586 doi:10.3390/molecules18032571
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-100300
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2013/10030/

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Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): glycoengineering , artificial sialic acids , mannosamine , angiogenesis
Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Fachgebiet: Medizin
DDC-Sachgruppe: Medizin
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2013
Publikationsdatum: 16.08.2013
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) represents the most common terminal carbohydrate residue in many mammalian glycoconjugates and is directly involved in a number of different physiological as well as pathological cellular processes. Endogenous sialic acids derive from the biosynthetic precursor molecule N-acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc). Interestingly, N-acyl-analogues of D-mannosamine (ManN) can also be incorporated and converted into corresponding artificial sialic acids by eukaryotic cells. Within this study, we optimized a protocol for the chemical synthesis of various peracetylated ManN derivatives resulting in yields of approximately 100%. Correct molecular structures of the obtained products ManNAc, N-propanoyl-ManN (ManNProp) and N-butyl-ManN (ManNBut) were verified by GC-, ESI-MS- and NMR-analyses. By applying these substances to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), we could show that each derivative was metabolized to the corresponding N-acylneuraminic acid variant and subsequently incorporated into nascent glycoproteins. To investigate whether natural and/or artificial sialic acid precursors are able to modulate the angiogenic capacity of HUVECs, a spheroid assay was performed. By this means, an increase in total capillary length has been observed when cells incorporated N-butylneuraminic acid (Neu5But) into their glycoconjugates. In contrast, the natural precursor ManNAc inhibited the growth of capillaries. Thus, sialic acid precursors may represent useful agents to modulate blood vessel formation.
Lizenz: Lizenz-Logo  Creative Commons - Namensnennung