Fault tolerant parallel pattern recognition
Kutrib, Martin ;
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Institut für Informatik
ResearchPaper (Forschungsbericht, Arbeitspapier)
IFIG Research Report
; 0001 / 2000 Sprache:
Kurzfassung auf Englisch:
The general capabilities of fault tolerant computations in one-way and two-way linear cellular arrays are investigated in terms of pattern recognition.
The defective processing elements (cells) that cause the misoperations are assumed to behave as follows. Dependent on the result of a self-diagnosis they store their working state locally such that it becomes visible to the neighbors. A non-working (defective) cell cannot modify information but is able to transmit it unchanged with unit speed. Arrays with static defects run the self-diagnosis once before the actual computation. Subsequently no more defects may occur.In case of dynamic defects cells may fail during the computation.
We center our attention to patterns that are recognizable very fast, i.e. in real-time, but almost all results can be generalized to arbitrary recognition times in a straightforward manner. It is shown that fault tolerant recognition capabilities of two-way arrays with static defects are characterizable by intact one-way arrays and that one-way arrays are fault tolerant per se.
For arrays with dynamic defects it is proved that the failures can be compensated as long as the number of adjacent defective cells is bounded. Arbitrary large defective regions (and thus fault tolerant computations) lead to a dramatically decrease of computing power. The recognizable patterns are those of a single processing element, the regular ones.
CR Subject Classification (1998): F.1, F.4.3, B.6.1, E.1, B.8.1, C.4