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Racial and social dimensions of antiziganism: the representation of “Gypsies” in the political theory

Tittel, Laura Soréna

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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-160255

Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): antiziganism , history of ideas , Kant , Marx , police work , racism
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Institut: International Graduate Centre for the Study of Culture
Fachgebiet: Gießener Graduiertenzentrum Kulturwissenschaften
DDC-Sachgruppe: Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Zeitschrift, Serie: On_Culture : the Open Journal for the Study of Culture ; 10
ISBN / ISSN: 2856008-5
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2021
Publikationsdatum: 21.04.2021
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Within antiziganism research, the relation of racial and social connotations in the us-age of the term “gypsy” is subject of an ongoing debate. Especially in the context of police work, historians suggest that until the 1920s the image of “gypsies” mainly referred to a social status, whereas today the image of the “gypsy” is highly racialized. This article challenges the idea of a strict separation of the social and racial dimensions and takes a closer look at the different argumentations of how to rule the interrelated groups of “gypsies” and “vagabonds” in the history of ideas. For this reason, it exam-ines Kant’s statements on “gypsies” in the context of his problematic race theory as well as Marx’s treatment of vagabondage as a social issue, arising with the beginning of manufacturing. With this, the article connects two major discourses in political the-ory and the history of ideas, one on barbarism/civilization and another on poverty, with the topic of antiziganism and explores the connection of an antiziganist raciali-zation with socioeconomic structures. Moreover, it examines the empirical side of an-tiziganism in the context of policing until the eighteenth century, looking at English and German legislative sources, and provides an outlook on the underlying social and racial argumentation in current debates on so-called ‘poverty migration’.
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