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Determinants of Colour Constancy and the Blue Bias

Weiss, David ; Witzel, Christoph ; Gegenfurtner, Karl


Originalveröffentlichung: (2017) i-Perception 8(6) doi: 10.1177/2041669517739635
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-152386
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2020/15238/


Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): adaptation/constancy , categorisation , colour , perception
Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universit√§t Gie√üen
Institut: Abteilung Allgemeine Psychologie
Fachgebiet: Psychologie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Psychologie
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2017
Publikationsdatum: 01.07.2020
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: We investigated several sensory and cognitive determinants of colour constancy across 40 illumination hues. In the first experiment, we measured colour naming for the illumination and for the colour induced by the illumination on the colorimetric grey. Results confirmed that the induced colours are approximately complementary to the colour of the illumination. In the second experiment, we measured colour constancy using achromatic adjustments. Average colour constancy was perfect under the blue daylight illumination and decreased in colour directions away from the blue daylight illumination due to undershooting and a strong blue bias. Apart from this blue bias, colour constancy was not related to illumination discrimination and to chromatic detection measured previously with the same setup and stimuli. We also observed a strong negative relationship between the degree of colour constancy and the consensus of naming the illumination colour. Constancy coincided with a low naming consensus, in particular because bluish illumination colours were sometimes seen as achromatic. Blue bias and category consensus alone explained >68%, and all determinants together explained >94% of the variance of achromatic adjustments. These findings suggest that colour constancy is optimised for blue daylight.
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