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Conversion reactions for sodium-ion batteries

Klein, Franziska ; Jache, Birte ; Bhide, Amrtha ; Adelhelm, Philipp

Originalveröffentlichung: (2013) Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 15, 15876-15887, doi: 10.1039/c3cp52125g
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-151362

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Sammlung: Allianz-/Nationallizenzen / Artikel
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universit√§t Gie√üen
Institut: Institute of Physical Chemistry
Fachgebiet: Chemie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Chemie
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2013
Publikationsdatum: 20.05.2020
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Research on sodium-ion batteries has recently been rediscovered and is currently mainly focused on finding suitable electrode materials that enable cell reactions of high energy densities combined with low cost. Naturally, an assessment of potential electrode materials requires a rational comparison with the analogue reaction in lithium-ion batteries. In this paper, we systematically discuss the broad range of different conversion reactions for sodium-ion batteries based on their basic thermodynamic properties and compare them with their lithium analogues. Capacities, voltages, energy densities and volume expansions are summarized to sketch out the scope for future studies in this research field. We show that for a given conversion electrode material, replacing lithium by sodium leads to a constant shift in cell potential Delta E-(Li-Na)(o) depending on the material class. For chlorides Delta E-(Li-Na)(o) equals nearly zero. The theoretical energy densities of conversion reactions of sodium with fluorides or chlorides as positive electrode materials typically reach values between 700 W h kg(-1) and 1000 W h kg(-1). Next to the thermodynamic assessment, results on several conversion reactions between copper compounds (CuS, CuO, CuCl, CuCl2) and sodium are being discussed. Reactions with CuS and CuO were chosen because these compounds are frequently studied for conversion reactions with lithium. Chlorides are interesting because of Delta E-(Li-Na)(o) approximate to 0 V. As a result of chloride solubility in the electrolyte, the conversion process proceeds at defined potentials under rather small kinetic limitations.
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