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Tunneling control of chemical reactions: C–H insertion versus H-tunneling in tert-butylhydroxycarbene

Ley, David ; Gerbig, Dennis ; Schreiner, Peter R.

Originalveröffentlichung: (2013) Chemical Science 4, 677-684, doi: 10.1039/c2sc21555a
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-151330

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Sammlung: Allianz-/Nationallizenzen / Artikel
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität GieĂźen
Institut: Institute of Organic Chemistry
Fachgebiet: Chemie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Chemie
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2013
Publikationsdatum: 20.05.2020
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Elusive tert-butylhydroxycarbene was generated in the gas phase via high-vacuum flash pyrolysis of tert-butylglyoxylic acid at 960 degrees C. The pyrolysis products were subsequently matrix isolated in solid Ar at 11 K and characterized by means of IR spectroscopy. While still being exposed to the harsh pyrolysis conditions, the hydroxycarbene undergoes CH-insertion to dimethylcyclopropanol, as well as a CC-insertion to novel methylbutenol, with activation barriers of 23.8 and 31.0 kcal mol(-1), respectively. Once embedded in the cold Ar matrix, the carbene transforms to its isomer pivaldehyde not only by photolysis, but it also cuts through the barrier of 27.3 kcal mol(-1) by quantum mechanical tunneling. The temperature independent half-life is measured as 1.7 h; the tunneling pathway was entirely blocked upon O-deuteration. The experimental half-life of tert-butylhydroxycarbene was verified by tunneling computations applying the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin formalism on the minimum energy path evaluated at the computationally feasible M06-2X/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory. Our experimental findings are supported by relative energy computations at the CCSD(T)/cc-pVDZ level of theory.
Lizenz: Allianz- / Nationallizenz