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Fundamental Groups of Split Real Kac-Moody Groups

Fundamentalgruppen von zerfallenden reellen Kac-Moody-Gruppen

Harring, Paula Katrin


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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-150859
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2020/15085/

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Universität Justus-Liebig-Universit├Ąt Gie├čen
Institut: Mathematisches Institut
Fachgebiet: Mathematik
DDC-Sachgruppe: Mathematik
Dokumentart: Dissertation
Sprache: Englisch
Tag der m├╝ndlichen Pr├╝fung: 14.04.2020
Erstellungsjahr: 2020
Publikationsdatum: 27.04.2020
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: The structure of maximal compact subgroups in semisimple Lie groups was investigated by Cartan and, later, Mostow: In 1949, Mostow gave a new proof of a Cartan┬┤s theorem stating that a connected semisimple Lie group G is a topological product of a maximal compact subgroup K and a Euclidean space, implying in particular that G and K have isomorphic fundamental groups. Subsequent case-by-case analysis provided the isomorphism types of these maximal compact subgroups and their fundamental groups.
Starting in the 1940┬┤s, Dynkin diagrams have been used to describe the structure of simple Lie groups. Dynkin diagrams correspond to Cartan matrices, and a generalization of this concept led to the theory of Kac-Moody algebras and, in particular, their associated Kac-Moody groups, developed by Kac and Tits. Kac-Moody groups endowed with the Kac-Peterson topology have been extensively investigated by K├Âhl and Hartnick.
The aim of this thesis is to determine the fundamental group of any algebraically simply connected semisimple split real topological Kac-Moody group associated to a symmetrizable generalized Cartan matrix. We present a uniform result which makes it possible to determine the fundamental group of such a group - and, in particular, of any algebraically simply connected split real simple Lie group - directly from its Dynkin diagram.

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