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Inhibition of Low-Grade Inflammation by Anthocyanins after Microbial Fermentation in Vitro

Kuntz, Sabine ; Kunz, Clemens ; Domann, Eugen ; Würdemann, Nora ; Unger, Franziska ; Römpp, Andreas ; Rudloff, Silvia


Originalveröffentlichung: (2016) Nutrients 8(7):411 doi: 10.3390/nu8070411
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-124702
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2017/12470/

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Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): grapes and berries , anthocyanins , low-grade inflammation , fermentation , in vitro co-culture model
Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Institut: Institute of Nutritional Science
Fachgebiet: Haushalts- und Ernährungswissenschaften - Ökotrophologie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2016
Publikationsdatum: 03.02.2017
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: The anti-inflammatory effects of anthocyanins (ACNs) on vascular functions are discussed controversially because of their low bioavailability. This study was performed to determine whether microorganism (MO)-fermented ACNs influence vascular inflammation in vitro. Therefore, MO growth media were supplemented with an ACN-rich grape/berry extract and growth responses of Escherichia coli, E. faecalis and H. alvei, as well as ACN fermentation were observed. MO supernatants were used for measuring the anti-inflammatory effect of MO-fermented ACNs in an epithelial-endothelial co-culture transwell system. After basolateral enrichment (240 min), endothelial cells were stimulated immediately or after 20 h with TNF-a. Afterwards, leukocyte adhesion, expression of adhesion molecules and cytokine release were measured. Results indicate that E. coli, E. faecalis and H. alvei utilized ACNs differentially concomitant with different anti-inflammatory effects. Whereas E. coli utilized ACNs completely, no anti-inflammatory effects of fermented ACNs were observed on activated endothelial cells. In contrast, ACN metabolites generated by E. faecalis and H. alvei significantly attenuated low-grade stimulated leukocyte adhesion, the expression of adhesion molecules E-selectin, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 and cytokine secretion (IL-8 and IL-6), as well as NF-KB mRNA expression with a more pronounced effect of E. faecalis than H. alvei. Thus, MO-fermented ACNs have the potential to reduce inflammation.
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