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Suitability of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha7 and muscarinic acetylcholine receptor 3 antibodies for immune detection: evaluation in murine skin

Rommel, Frank R. ; Raghavan, Badrinarayanan ; Paddenberg, Renate ; Kummer, Wolfgang ; Tumala, Susanne ; Lochnit, Günter ; Gieler, Uwe ; Peters, Eva M. J.


Originalveröffentlichung: (2015) Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry 63(5): 329– 339, DOI: 10.1369/0022155415575028
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-124424
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2017/12442/

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Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): atopic dermatitis-like allergic dermatitis (AlD) , muscarinic acetylcholine receptor 3 (Chrm3) , non-neuronal cholinergic system (NNCS)
Sammlung: Allianz-/Nationallizenzen / Artikel
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Institut: Psychoneuroimmunology Laboratory, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy
Fachgebiet: Medizin
DDC-Sachgruppe: Medizin
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2015
Publikationsdatum: 13.01.2017
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Recent evidence reveals a crucial role for acetylcholine and its receptors in the regulation of inflammation, particularly of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha7 (Chrna7) and muscarinic acetylcholine receptor 3 (Chrm3). Immunohistochemistry is a key tool for their cellular localization in functional tissues. We evaluated nine different commercially available antibodies on back skin tissue from wild-type (Wt) and gene-deficient (KO) mice. In the immunohistochemical analysis, we focused on key AChR-ligand sensitive skin cells (mast cells, nerve fibers and keratinocytes). All five antibodies tested for Chrm3 and the first three Chrna7 antibodies stained positive in both Wt and respective KO skin. With the 4th antibody (ab23832) nerve fibers were unlabeled in the KO mice. By western blot analysis, this antibody detected bands in both Wt and Chrna7 KO skin and brain. qRT-PCR revealed mRNA amplification with a primer set for the undeleted region in both Wt and KO mice, but none with a primer set for the deleted region in KO mice. By 2D electrophoresis, we found beta-actin and beta-enolase cross reactivity, which was confirmed by double immunolabeling. In view of the present results, the tested antibodies are not suitable for immunolocalization in skin and suggest thorough control of antibody specificity is required if histomorphometry is intended.
Lizenz: Allianz- / Nationallizenz