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Transfection of Sertoli cells with androgen receptor alters gene expression without androgen stimulation

Fietz, Daniela ; Markmann, M. ; Lang, D. ; Konrad, L. ; Geyer, J. ; Kliesch, S. ; Chakraborty, Trinad ; Hossain, Hamid ; Bergmann, M.


Originalveröffentlichung: (2015) BMC Molecular Biology 16:23 doi: 10.1186/s12867-015-0051-7
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-123289
URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2016/12328/

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Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): transfection , gene expression analysis , androgen receptor , sertoli cells
Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Institut: Institute of Veterinary Anatomy, Histology and Embryology
Fachgebiet: Veterinärmedizin
DDC-Sachgruppe: Landwirtschaft
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2015
Publikationsdatum: 07.11.2016
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Background: Androgens play an important role for the development of male fertility and gained interest as growth and survival factors for certain types of cancer. Androgens act via the androgen receptor (AR/Ar), which is involved in various cell biological processes such as sex differentiation. To study the functional mechanisms of androgen action, cell culture systems and AR-transfected cell lines are needed. Transfection of AR into cell lines and subsequent gene expression analysis after androgen treatment is well established to investigate the molecular biology of target cells. However, it remains unclear how the transfection with AR itself can modulate the gene expression even without androgen stimulation. Therefore, we transfected Ar-deficient rat Sertoli cells 93RS2 by electroporation using a full length human AR.
Results: Transfection success was confirmed by Western Blotting, immunofluorescence and RT-PCR. AR transfection-related gene expression alterations were detected with microarray-based genome-wide expression profiling of transfected and non-transfected 93RS2 cells without androgen stimulation. Microarray analysis revealed 672 differentially regulated genes with 200 up- and 472 down-regulated genes. These genes could be assigned to four major biological categories (development, hormone response, immune response and metabolism). Microarray results were confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR analysis for 22 candidate genes.
Conclusion: We conclude from our data, that the transfection of Ar-deficient Sertoli cells with AR has a measurable effect on gene expression even without androgen stimulation and cause Sertoli cell damage. Studies using AR-transfected cells, subsequently stimulated, should consider alterations in AR-dependent gene expression as off-target effects of the AR transfection itself.
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