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The other-race effect in 3-year-old German and Cameroonian children

Suhrke, Janina ; Freitag, Claudia ; Lamm, Bettina ; Teiser, Johanna ; Fassbender, Ina ; Poloczek, Sonja ; Teubert, Manuel ; Voehringer, Isabel A. ; Keller, Heidi ; Knopf, Monika ; Lohaus, Arnold ; Schwarzer, Gudrun

Originalveröffentlichung: (2014) Frontiers in Psychology 5:198 doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00198
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URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:26-opus-112361

Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): other-raceeffect , children , facerecognition , Germany , Cameroon
Sammlung: Open Access - Publikationsfonds
Universität Justus-Liebig-Universit√§t Gie√üen
Institut: Abteilung f√ľr Entwicklungspsychologie
Fachgebiet: Psychologie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Psychologie
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2014
Publikationsdatum: 15.12.2014
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Recognizing individual faces is an important human ability that highly depends on experience. This is reflected in the so called other-race effect; adults are better at recognizing faces from their own ethnic group, while very young infants do not show this specialization yet. Two experiments examined whether 3-year-old children from two different cultural backgrounds show the other-race effect. In Experiment 1, German children (N = 41) were presented with a forced choice paradigm where they were asked to recognize female Caucasian or African faces. In Experiment 2, 3-year-olds from Cameroon (N = 66) participated in a similar task using the same stimulus material. In both cultures the other-race effect was present; children were better at recognizing individual faces from their own ethnic group. In addition, German children performed at a higher overall level of accuracy than Cameroonians. The results are discussed in relation to cultural aspects in particular.
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